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Analysis of the winners of the 2018 China "618" mobile phone e-commerce market and 10 major trends

JD + Tmall e-commerce platforms make up 80% of the mobile phone e-commerce market; Competition between Huawei and Xiaomi ends in stalemate.

   New Delhi, Hong Kong, Seoul, London, Beijing, San Diego, Buenos Aires – July 11th, 2018

According to e-commerce channel monitoring data from global analyst firm Counterpoint, due to the heavy sales promotions of the “618” e-commerce platforms, nearly half of all smartphone purchases in June 2018 were made over e-commerce channels. Whereas in other months, e-commerce channels would account for approximately 30% of overall sales.

According to Counterpoint Research Director, James Yan: “The 618 E-commerce Festival started earlier this year and ran for an especially long time. During the 618 Festival period, a number of players, including online platform retailers and vertical retailers, also participated in the event, taking advantage of the run-up, official period and aftermath, making the period longer and populated with a richer variety of products and promotions. And the smartphone category became the greatest contributor in terms of sales volumes.”

The following shows a schedule of e-commerce promotions during the 618 Festival:

[Key:]

星期一 Monday

星期二 Tuesday

星期三 Wednesday

星期四 Thursday

星期五 Friday

星期六 Saturday

星期日 Sunday

好货曝光 非约不可 / 预定最高省1600元 Great products on sale, order now / Reserve for up to 1600 yuan in savings

年中大促 / 狂欢开场 / 家电每千减白 Mid-year promotion / Grand opening / 100 yuan off any purchase of 1000 yuan in household appliances

抢服饰 / 满300减150 Clothes and accessories sale / 150 yuan off any purchase of over 300 yuan

跨店满减 / 满199减120 : Cross-store sale / 120 yuan off any purchase of over 199 yuan

抢空调 / 爆款低至999元 Air conditioners sale / Top-selling models for under 999 yuan

优惠日 /全场6折起 Discount day / Up to 40% off everything in store

抢电脑 / 领1000元神卷 Computer sale / Grab a 1000 yuan coupon

家电盛典 / 就是低价 / 超级支付日 Household appliance grand event / Low prices only / Super payday

抢洗衣 / 最高直降1500 Washing machine sale / Up to 1500 off

抢生活家电 / 好货9.9元秒 Household appliance sale / 9.9 yuan flash sale for great products

神卷日 / 领618元限量神卷 Coupon day / Receive 618 yuan limited quantities coupon

神拼日 / 抢100减50神卷Shopping day / Grab a 50-yuan-off-for-100-yuan-purchase coupon

抢生活家电 / 超值0元购 Household appliance sale / Super value 0 yuan purchases

抢超市爆款 / 领188减100神卷 Top-selling products sale / Receive a 100-yuan-off-for-188-yuan-purchase coupon

BOOM!年中盛典 尽情嗨! / 2 亿红包主力 卖卖卖卖到大满足 BOOM! Mid-year grand event, shop till you drop / 200 million in red envelopes, sell sell sell sell till we’re done

BOOM!/ 2亿红包助力 BOOM! / 200 million in red envelopes

狂欢返场 / 不尽兴 继续买 Crazy encore / Not satisfied; Keep shopping

收货Taking deliveries

Part 1. Analysis of channel platform trends during the 618 Festival:

Chart 1: China smartphone market e-commerce market share, by platform, June 120, 2018

China smartphone market e-commerce market share, by platform, June 1-20, 2018Source: Counterpoint E-Commerce Channel Market Monitor Service

[Key:]

Market share of e-commerce in China via mobile phones, by platform, during the 618 Festival in 2018

The following is the result of our analysis of this year’s 618 Festival and channels:

  1. JD.com and Tmall were the big winners of the 618 Festival. The market share combined for both retailers in the mobile phone category exceeded 80%.
  2. OEM E-commerce Platforms: 618 is JD.com’s primary battlefield, with Tmall entering the play later. Both retailers therefore invested a large amount of resources this month. The market share of e-commerce platforms for OEMs such as Apple and Xiaomi suffered a drop as a result.
  3. Offline retail channels have already recognized the power and market performance of e-commerce channels and have accepted this reality. During the festival period, they mostly avoided stealing 618’s thunder, choosing to wait for other opportunities to arise .
  4. Channel Integration: During the 618 festival period, offline activities were carried out as well, though mainly from major players such as JD Home and Suning.com. They would set uniform pricing for both their online and offline platforms and offer rebates as incentives.
  5. Impact of the World Cup: As the 618 shopping festival coincided with the hosting of the World Cup major sporting event, we found that the World Cup did have some impact on sales volumes for 618 promotions. However, it had little impact on the sales of mobile phones. Rather, the event helped promote the sale of food and beverages such as crayfish and beer over 618’s channels.
  6. Social E-commerce: Featuring early entrants such as Mogujie.com and current players such as Pinduoduo.com, social e-commerce was incredibly active during the 618 shopping festival. In addition, JD Pingou also entered the ranks of social E-commerce players. The merits of conducting e-commerce business through social e-commerce have long been proven. However, they have thus far had limited impact on the sale of mobile phones and other tech products. Sales of mobile phones thru social e-commerce will be more dependent on the competitiveness of the mobiles phones itself.
  7. Supply Chain Readiness: Through Counterpoint’s supply chain channel surveillance, we discovered that large mobile phone brands prepared for the 618 activities by ensuring a large supply of goods and models, with a few OEMs even arranging a special production line for the 618 festival. In fact, several brands even took advantage of the 618 event to launch their own proprietary phone models.
  8. Internationalization of E-commerce Platforms: On the day of 618, JD.com held a press conference at its headquarters announcing that the globalization initiative of JD’s logistics would undergo an all-around upgrade. For its part, Alibaba had already deployed its international logistics affiliate (Cainiao). But whether it’s the internationalization of JD.com or Alibaba, support for cross-border logistics and back-end systems is needed. The typical method for expanding e-commerce platforms overseas is through capacity building or M&A investment. For example: JD.com built its own logistics platforms and systems in Indonesia and Thailand. In any case, these investments offer more channel convenience and support for the overseas channels of smartphone OEMs.joybuy screenshot english
  9. JD vs TMall Competitioneach carry its own characteristics: During the period of 618, both retailers exploited the uniqueness of their own business models to participate in 618. For instance, JD.com excelled at product service and marketing, whereas TMall’s advantages lay in its shopping channels and financial services.
  10. More talk of technology, less of price cuts. Another trend from 618 is that the promotion of e-commerce has evolved from being about just discounts and price cuts to being about the promotion of technology, empowerment, etc. As a result, technological innovation as well as service and value upgrades to the platform have become its greatest highlights. And behind all this is the transformation of e-commerce platforms’ strategic principles.

Part 2. Analysis of the winners in the smartphone OEM market during the 618 Festival and ten trends

Chart 2: Market share of China smartphone market on e-commerce channels, by brand, from June 1-20, 2018

Market share of China smartphone market on e-commerce channels, by brand

Source: Counterpoint E-Commerce Channel Market Monitor Service

[Key:]

Market share of China smartphone market on e-commerce channels, by brand, from June 1-20, 2018

Ranking                                                                                                 Share

1                      Xiaomi                                                                         28%

2                      Honor                                                                          27%

3                      Apple                                                                           17%

4                      Huawei                                                                          6%

5                      Meizu                                                                            5%

6                      vivo                                                                               3%

7                      360                                                                                3%

8                      OPPO                                                                             2%

9                      Nokia                                                                            2%

10                    Lenovo                                                                          2%

*                       Others                                                                           4%

*                       Total                                                                         100%

We analyzed the channel performance of each brand and model during the 618 festival period:

  1. The three traditionally strongest brands of mobile phones on e-commerce channels–Xiaomi, Huawei and Apple–made up over 70% of overall market share. This was even more pronounced during the 618 Festival period.
  2. The gap between Xiaomi and Huawei is growing increasingly smaller, and their product lines are forming perfect competitive rivalries.
  3. Whether it’s during the 618 festival or a normal sales period, e-commerce is now Apple’s primary sales channel.
  4. The proprietary e-commerce model of Vivo’s Z1 entered the top six.
  5. The return of new products from Lenovo and Nokia marked another highlight of this year’s 618 Festival. Lenovo is rebooting its product line-up after a strategic re-adjustment, while Nokia wants to bring its outstanding performance in overseas markets to China.
  6. Apple, due to the iPhone 8’s discounts and cost performance during 618 , entered the Top 8.
  7. Xiaomi, on the other hand, occupied four places in the Top 10 thanks to its low-end RedMi series. Meanwhile, the newly launched Xiaomi Mi 8 entered the Top 10 as it was given top supply priority in e-commerce channels.
  8. Huawei offered more models than that of other brands, and owing to its own brand and product strength, held five places in the Top 10. Meanwhile, the low-end 7C and 7A models were main contributors.
  9. On Tmall’s channels, the Huawei 10, iPhone X and Xiaomi 6X entered the top 10.
  10. Sales for the Top 10 models approached half of all market sales on 618 e-commerce channels.

Source: Counterpoint E-Commerce Channel Market Monitor Service

[Key:]

Chart 3: 2018 market share for Top 10 selling models of China’s mobile phone market during the 618 Festival (June 1-20)

Analyst Contacts:

James Yan闫占
+86 15810182576
james@counterpointresearch.com
@james_a3

Tarun Pathak
+91 9971213665
tarun@counterpointresearch.com
@Tarunpathak

Mengmeng Zhang
+86 18611804269
mengmeng@counterpointresearch.com

Flora Tang
+852 5545 2529
flora@counterpointresearch.com

Counterpoint Research
+852 8191 4813
     

Counterpoint research is a young and fast growing research firm covering analysis of the tech industry. Coverage areas are connected devices, digital consumer goods, software & applications and other adjacent topics. We provide syndicated research reports as well as tailored. Our seminars and workshops for companies and institutions are popular and available on demand. Consulting and customized work on the above topics is provided for high precision projects.

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